Power Generation, Transmission, and Use

Markets, Regulation, and Oversight

Impacts of Power Generation and Transmission

Looking Ahead


CEIR Report Map


Maryland Power Plants and the Environment (CEIR-18)

3.4.2 The Role of the NRC

Under federal law, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is responsible for regulating commercial nuclear power plants and other uses of nuclear materials, such as in nuclear medicine, through licensing, inspection, and enforcement. The NRC is charged with ensuring adequate protection of public health and safety, promoting the common defense and security, and protecting the environment. The NRC’s relevance to power generation in Maryland stems from its role in overseeing the State’s only nuclear power plant, Calvert Cliffs Units 1 and 2, located on the Chesapeake Bay in Calvert County. NRC staff monitor virtually every aspect of Calvert Cliffs’ operations, including maintenance, security, training, and emergency response planning.

The Calvert Cliffs facility holds NRC licenses for each of the two operating units, as well as a separate license for the Independent Spent Fuel Storage Facility Installation (ISFSI) at the site. These licenses have finite periods, with the Calvert Cliffs facility receiving a license extension in 2014 through November 2052. When the NRC issues a license or a license renewal, it is required to do an environmental evaluation under the rules of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). States have the option of participating in the NRC licensing process.